Endemic to northwestern portion of the island of Kauai, Hawaii. Currently known from 3 occurrences, with a total of fewer than 100 plants. Threats to the species include goats, pigs, rats and alien plants.
habitat degradation and/or grazing by goats and pigs seed predation by rats competition with alien plants possible risk of extinction from naturally occurring events and/or reduced productive vigor due to the small number of remaining populations
1 known population of < 100 individuals known from three locations on the island of Kauai on State owned land
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