CPC Plant Profile: Sickleleaf Silk-grass
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Plant Profile

Sickleleaf Silk-grass (Pityopsis falcata)

Description
  • Global Rank: G3 - Vulnerable
  • Legal Status: N/A
  • Family: Asteraceae
  • State: CT, FL, MA, NJ, NY, ON, RI
  • Nature Serve ID: 135789
  • Date Inducted in National Collection: 12/07/2021

Pityopsis falcata, or sickle-leaved golden aster, is a member of the sunflower family. It has long (2-3½ inches), skinny leaves that are curved inwards giving its leaves a sickle-like shape. It is a perennial with multiple above ground stems (each 8-15 inches tall) arising from an underground rhizome (a root that grows horizontally just beneath the surface of the soil). Each above ground stem can have multiple flowering heads, which are yellow and have a characteristic sunflower-look although they are relatively small at roughly ¾ of an inch wide. (Connecticut Botanical Society, 2015; New England Wildflower Society, 2018)

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Nomenclature
Taxon Pityopsis falcata
Authority (Pursh) Nutt.
Family Asteraceae
CPC Number 8218
ITIS 196347
USDA PIFA
Common Names sickle-leaved golden aster | sickle-leaved silk-grass | sickleleaf silkgrass
Associated Scientific Names Pityopsis falcata | Heterotheca falcata | Chrysopsis falcata | Inula falcata | Inula mariana var. falcata
Distribution Pityopsis falcata’s native range is extremely small, including only five US states (CT, MA, NJ, NY and RI), but it has been found introduced into Florida and Ontario, Canada. It is of conservation concern because of its limited range, and because it is only found in meadows and fields on sandy glacial deposits leftover from when glaciers covered New England.
(NatureServe, 2018; New England Wildflower Society, 2018; USDA and NRCS, 2018).
 
State Rank
State State Rank
Connecticut S1
Florida SNA
Massachusetts S3S4
New Jersey S3
New York S3?
Ontario SNA
Rhode Island S2
Habitat

Ecological Relationships

Pollinators
Common Name Name in Text Association Type Source InteractionID

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