Baker's loulu / Center For Plant Conservation
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Plant Profile

Baker's loulu (Pritchardia bakeri)

Two dozen members of the genus Pritchardia comprise the only palms native to Hawai'i. Baker's loulu (Pritchardia bakeri) is endemic to a single mountain range on the island of Oah'u, currently with less than 50 individuals in the wild. Lyon Arboretum is looking to add this unique and rare Hawaiian palm to their inter situ collections on the garden grounds. Photo Credit: Tim Kroessig
  • Global Rank: G1 - Critically Imperiled
  • Legal Status: Federally Endangered
  • Family: Arecaceae
  • State: HI
  • Nature Serve ID: 935263
  • Lifeform: Tree
  • Categories of Interest: Palms
  • Date Inducted in National Collection:

This Hawaiian palm species has magnificent blades of green to silver gray. Yellow flowers bloom on a pendulous inflorescence during its flowering season and produce into green fruits that share the same interior texture as coconuts. Members of its genus are typically used for protection against the sun or from rain, in early Hawaiian weaponry, as a quick snack, for roof thatching, and in fashion accessories like hats and fats.

Where is Baker's loulu (Pritchardia bakeri) located in the wild?


P. bakeri is typically found in wet habitats at high elevations. Montane forests are preferred, but they can also grow at lower and drier elevations although their growth may be stunted. These palm trees can also tolerate near freezing temperatures, as long as they are as dry as possible. 


Found on the island of O`ahu, this Pritchardia species is known from the Pupukea and Kuliouou areas of the Ko`olau Mountain range.

States & Provinces:

Baker's loulu can be found in Hawaii

Which CPC Partners conserve Baker's loulu (Pritchardia bakeri)?

CPC's Plant Sponsorship Program provides long term stewardship of rare plants in our National Collection. We are so grateful for all our donors who have made the Plant Sponsorship Program so successful. We are in the process of acknowledging all our wonderful plant sponsorship donors on our website. This is a work in progress and will be updated regularly.

Conservation Actions

Katie Heineman
  • 02/09/2022
  • Conservation Grove

Lyon Arboretum is the process of acquiring material to establish a robust inter-situ collection of Pritchardia bakeri, an exceptional species.

Clarice Mendoza
  • 09/08/2017
  • Genetic Research

Seeds were collected by the Montgomery Botanical Center for further research, especially for DNA analysis. 

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Taxon Pritchardia bakeri
Authority Hodel
Family Arecaceae
CPC Number 44893
Duration Perennial
Common Names Baker's Loulu
Associated Scientific Names Pritchardia bakeri
Distribution Found on the island of O`ahu, this Pritchardia species is known from the Pupukea and Kuliouou areas of the Ko`olau Mountain range.
State Rank
State State Rank
Hawaii SNR
Ecological Relationships


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