Hawaiian Island Violet / Center For Plant Conservation
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Plant Profile

Hawaiian Island Violet (Viola helenae)

Viola helenae, Kauai. Photo Credit: National Tropical Botanical Garden
  • Global Rank: G1 - Critically Imperiled
  • Legal Status: Federally Endangered
  • Family: Violaceae
  • State: HI
  • Nature Serve ID: 141048
  • Lifeform: Shrub, Forb/herb, Subshrub
  • Date Inducted in National Collection: 04/01/1990

small, erect, unbranched subshrub

Where is Hawaiian Island Violet (Viola helenae) located in the wild?


grows along stream banks



States & Provinces:

Hawaiian Island Violet can be found in Hawaii

Which CPC Partners conserve Hawaiian Island Violet (Viola helenae)?

CPC's Plant Sponsorship Program provides long term stewardship of rare plants in our National Collection. We are so grateful for all our donors who have made the Plant Sponsorship Program so successful. We are in the process of acknowledging all our wonderful plant sponsorship donors on our website. This is a work in progress and will be updated regularly.

Conservation Actions

Nature Serve Biotics
  • 05/02/2017

This species has been found only in the Wahiawa Drainage of southern Kauai. Only 137 plants were located in a recent survey of the drainage. The primary threat to this species is competition from alien plants. Feral pigs also pose a threat.

  • 01/01/2010

small numbers of restricted individuals feral pigs are a potential threat competition from alien plants

  • 01/01/2010

ca. 15 individuals in 1 population on Kauai known from 2 populations totaling ca. 13 individuals

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Taxon Viola helenae
Authority C. N. Forbes Lydgate
Family Violaceae
CPC Number 4398
ITIS 505713
Duration Perennial
Common Names Hawaiian Island Violet | Wahiawa stream violet
Associated Scientific Names Viola helenae | Viola helenae var. lanaiensis
Distribution NA
State Rank
State State Rank
Hawaii S1
Ecological Relationships


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