Texas Trillium / Center For Plant Conservation
Search / Plant Profile / Trillium texanum
Plant Profile

Texas Trillium (Trillium texanum)

  • Global Rank: G3 - Vulnerable
  • Legal Status: N/A
  • Family: Melanthiaceae
  • State: AR, LA, TX
  • Nature Serve ID: 130896
  • Lifeform: Forb/herb
  • Date Inducted in National Collection:

Rhizomatous perennial forming colonies of 4-12 inch tall flowering stems with leaf-like, grayish-green bracts in a single whorl at stem apex. Non-blooming stems have 1-3 deep green leaves. Flowers are showy, three-petalled, white but becoming pink & finally reddish with age.

Where is Texas Trillium (Trillium texanum) located in the wild?


In or along margins of hardwood forests on wet acid soils of bottoms and lower slopes. In woodlands it grows on both uplans and creek terraces, but perhaps most common on claypan savannas.


Endemic to southeastern Texas

States & Provinces:

Texas Trillium can be found in Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas

Which CPC Partners conserve Texas Trillium (Trillium texanum)?

CPC's Plant Sponsorship Program provides long term stewardship of rare plants in our National Collection. We are so grateful for all our donors who have made the Plant Sponsorship Program so successful. We are in the process of acknowledging all our wonderful plant sponsorship donors on our website. This is a work in progress and will be updated regularly.

Conservation Actions

Nature Serve Biotics
  • 05/02/2017

This species' distribution is limited to eastern Texas and one Parish in adjacent northwestern Louisiana. About 11 populations are known extant. Much of its bottomland habitat has been drained and converted to pine plantations.

Dave Berkshire
  • 01/01/2010

timbering collecting. Development site in Nacogdoches Co. along Naconichess Creek is proposed site for reservoir. This site has the largest number of individuals.

Dave Berkshire
  • 01/01/2010

10 historical populations in Texas

Dave Berkshire
  • 01/01/2010

Not Available

Dave Berkshire
  • 01/01/2010

Not Available

Dave Berkshire
  • 01/01/2010

Not Available

Dave Berkshire
  • 01/01/2010

Not Available


Be the first to post an update!

Taxon Trillium texanum
Authority Buckl.
Family Melanthiaceae
CPC Number 4342
ITIS 43060
Duration Perennial
Common Names Texas Trillium
Associated Scientific Names Trillium texanum
Distribution Endemic to southeastern Texas
State Rank
State State Rank
Louisiana S1
Texas S2
Ecological Relationships

Common Name Name in Text Association Type Source InteractionID
Honey bees Apis mellifera Confirmed Pollinator Link

Donate to CPC to Save this Species

CPC secures rare plants for future generations by coordinating on-the-ground conservation and training the next generation of plant conservation professionals. Donate today to help save rare plants from extinction.

Donate Today