CPC Plant Profile: Texas Trillium
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Plant Profile

Texas Trillium (Trillium texanum)

Description
  • Global Rank: G2 - Imperiled
  • Legal Status: N/A
  • Family: Melanthiaceae
  • State: AR, LA, TX
  • Nature Serve ID: 130896
  • Date Inducted in National Collection: 12/07/2021

Rhizomatous perennial forming colonies of 4-12 inch tall flowering stems with leaf-like, grayish-green bracts in a single whorl at stem apex. Non-blooming stems have 1-3 deep green leaves. Flowers are showy, three-petalled, white but becoming pink & finally reddish with age.

Participating Institutions
Updates
Nature Serve Biotics
  • 05/02/2017

This species' distribution is limited to eastern Texas and one Parish in adjacent northwestern Louisiana. About 11 populations are known extant. Much of its bottomland habitat has been drained and converted to pine plantations.

Dave Berkshire
  • 01/01/2010

timbering collecting. Development site in Nacogdoches Co. along Naconichess Creek is proposed site for reservoir. This site has the largest number of individuals.

Dave Berkshire
  • 01/01/2010

10 historical populations in Texas

Dave Berkshire
  • 01/01/2010

Not Available

Dave Berkshire
  • 01/01/2010

Not Available

Dave Berkshire
  • 01/01/2010

Not Available

Dave Berkshire
  • 01/01/2010

Not Available

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Photos
Nomenclature
Taxon Trillium texanum
Authority Buckl.
Family Melanthiaceae
CPC Number 4342
ITIS 43060
USDA TRTE3
Common Names Texas Trillium
Associated Scientific Names Trillium texanum
Distribution Endemic to southeastern Texas
State Rank
State State Rank
Arkansas
Louisiana S1
Texas S2
Habitat

In or along margins of hardwood forests on wet acid soils of bottoms and lower slopes. In woodlands it grows on both uplans and creek terraces, but perhaps most common on claypan savannas.

Ecological Relationships

Not Available

Pollinators
Common Name Name in Text Association Type Source InteractionID
Bees
Honey bees Apis mellifera Confirmed Pollinator Link

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