In addition to on site management, seeds have been collected and given to NCBG with the expectation that at some point outplanting propagated specimens will occur into suitable habitat.
Endemic to a few mountain bogs in southwest North Carolina and northwest South Carolina on both sides of the Blue Ridge. Drainage, impoundment, intensive grazing, and development have eliminated the species from 62% of the sites where it was known to occur. Surviving populations continue to be threatened by bog destruction. The species may be especially vulnerable to hydrological disruptions that dry out the soil or otherwise alter the natural hydrologic dynamics of the bogs. Other threats include fertilizer run-off from lawns and farms, which alters the nutrient cycling processes in the bogs and may hasten forest succession, and collection by amateur and professional botanists and horticulturists.
Of the 10 extant populations of Sarracenia jonesii, only two are on public land and of those only one is well protected. The remaining eight are on private land and are especially threatened by land use change and succession (USFWS 1990a).
There are 10 populations remaining, all within North and South Carolina. Four of these populations are in the river drainage of the French Broad River in Henderson County and Transylvania County, NC. Five are in the Saluda River drainage in Greenville County, SC. The last is in the Enoree River drainage, also in Greenville County, SC. (USFWS 1990a)
Benjamin and Sutter (1993) studied populations of Sarracenia jonesii and recommended management strategies. Their work includes population demographics, the effect of woody plant removal, and the comparison of water and nutrient levels within the bogs both among and apart from pitcher plant populations. They have observed increases in the pitcher and flower number following woody plant removal. Nutrient levels do not vary between bog sites with and without pitcher-plants, but water levels do.
Management of Sarracenia jonesii is ongoing at a mostly experimental level. This research (described above in the Current Research Summary) will inform management decisions. In addition to on site management, seeds have been collected and given to NCBG with the expectation that at some point outplanting propagated specimens will occur into suitable habitat. Additionally, plants have been rescued from a badly degraded site owned by a hostile landowner. These specimens were taken to the Atlanta Botanical Garden for propagation (Benjamin and Sutter 1993).
It is refreshing to see that management decisions will be based on sound research in the case of Sarracenia jonesii However, it will be important to work with private landowners to increase the security of the remaining sites and to insure that management activities can occur.
Needs are currently being met at the North Carolina Botanical Garden and the Atlanta Botanical Garden. However, it is worth noting that there is some concern that due to the small number of extant populations and small population sizes care be taken to preserve all of the genetic variation present (USFWS 1990a).
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