CPC Plant Profile: Green Pitcherplant
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Plant Profile

Green Pitcherplant (Sarracenia oreophila)

This closeup shot shows the plant from above, featuring the hood of its flower. Photo Credit: Donald Schnell
Description
  • Global Rank: N/A
  • Legal Status: N/A
  • Family: Sarraceniaceae
  • State: AL, GA, NC, TN

The majority of the remaining populations of Green Pitcher-plants can be found in the Coosa Valley and Plateau regions of the Cumberland Plateau in northeastern Alabama. The plants grow in acidic soils in moist upland areas and along boggy sandy streams. Following a spring flush of yellow flowers, the plants produce tall green pitchers. In late summer, when the soil dries, these pitchers will die back and be replaced by low, flat winter leaves. In order for the seeds of this species to germinate and become established they must fall on bare moist mineral soil. Though this condition is not rare in undisturbed bogs, fire suppression and habitat degradation have made such sites rare. For this reason, there is little seedling recruitment and most reproduction is asexual. At unmanaged sites, this set of conditions will result in inevitable population decline.

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Nomenclature
Taxon Sarracenia oreophila
Authority Wherry
Family Sarraceniaceae
CPC Number 3821
ITIS 22000
USDA SAOR3
Common Names green pitcher plant | green pitcher-plant
Associated Scientific Names Sarracenia oreophila
Distribution Northeast Alabama, northwest Georgia, southwest North Carolina (USFWS 1994).
State Rank
State State Rank
Alabama S2
Georgia S1
North Carolina S1
Tennessee SX
Habitat

Wet thickets, boggy banks, wet sands on river and stream banks and shores, rich woodlands (USFWS 1994).

Ecological Relationships

Carnivory-Sarracenia oreophila attracts insects with its sweet nectar. The insects then become trapped inside the pitchers and decompose in the water held within. Pollination-This plant is pollinated by queen bumblebees (Folkerts 1992).Herbivory-A number of insects feed on the pitcher plant tissue. Exyra semicrocea, a moth, is host specific on Sarracenia oreophila (Folkerts 1992).Habitation-There are flies, wasps, and mites which live within the pitchers and feed on the semi-decomposed 'insect soup' inside (Rymal and Folkerts 1982).

Updates
Caroline Iacuaniello
  • 04/12/2021

At the Atlanta Botanic Garden, visitors can experience a unique sight-a bog garden featuring rarely seen green pitcher plants (Sarracenia oreophila). These cool, carnivorous plants draw adults and children alike, gathering to learn about their unique adaptations. Read how conservationists are working to save the pitcher plant's habitat, and why this species is considered a conservation success here.

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Pollinators
Common Name Name in Text Association Type Source
Bees
Bumble bees Bumble bees Confirmed Pollinator Link

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