Endemic to the island of Kauai. This species is currently known from 7 occurrences, with fewer than 30 plants. The moist forest habitat of this species continues to be invaded by a number of alien plant species. Portions of its habitat are being heavily impacted by feral goats. Pigs and deer also pose threats to the species.
major threats: alien plants and feral animals rarely set fruit stochastic extinction and/or reduced reproductive vigor black-tailed deer
10-15 individuals on Kauai 6 individuals in 2 populations 7 populations totaling 12 individuals (Kauai)
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