CPC Plant Profile: Niihau Lobelia
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Plant Profile

Niihau Lobelia (Lobelia niihauensis)

Lobelia niihauensis. Photo Credit: National Tropical Botanical Garden
Description
  • Global Rank: G2 - Imperiled
  • Legal Status: Federally Endangered
  • Family: Campanulaceae
  • State: HI
  • Nature Serve ID: 134393
  • Date Inducted in National Collection: 02/09/1992

low-branched shrub

Participating Institutions
Updates
Nature Serve Biotics
  • 05/02/2017

Endemic to Niihau, Kauai, and the Waianae Mountains of Oahu. This species may number 5,000 or more plants. Much of this species' habitat is being degraded by feral goats and pigs, and is being invaded by a number of alien plant species. Additional threats include rats and fire.

  • 01/01/2010

trampling by feral pigs (Oahu) habitat degradation and predation by feral goats (Oahu and Kauai) fire (Oahu) competition from alien plant species (Oahu and Kauai) trampling by humans on or along trails (Oahu)

  • 01/01/2010

the 33 known populations contain at least 2,000 individuals. While some populations are now well documented, at least 12 and 6 populations number fewer than 12 individuals on Oahu and Kauai, respectively

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Photos
Nomenclature
Taxon Lobelia niihauensis
Authority H. St. John
Family Campanulaceae
CPC Number 2652
ITIS 196205
USDA LONI
Common Names Niihau Lobelia
Associated Scientific Names Lobelia niihauensis | Lobelia tortuosa | Lobelia niihauensis var. forbesii | Lobelia niihauensis var. meridiana | Lobelia tortuosa var. haupuensis | Lobelia tortuosa var. intermedia | Lobelia tortuosa f. glabrata | Neowimmeria intermedia | Neowimmeria meridiana | Neowimmeria niihauensis | Neowimmeria niihauensis var. forbesii | Neowimmeria tortuosa | Neowimmeria tortuosa var. glabrata
Distribution NA
State Rank
State State Rank
Hawaii S2
Habitat

grows on exposed mesic to dry cliffs

Ecological Relationships

Pollinators
Common Name Name in Text Association Type Source InteractionID
Birds
Birds Confirmed Pollinator Link
Birds Suspected Pollinator Floral Link

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