Florida Pinewood Privet - Center For Plant Conservation
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Plant Profile

Florida Pinewood Privet (Forestiera segregata var. pinetorum)

A 7-8ft. tall shrub growing in full sunlight. This plant has fuzzy, fragrant flowers and fruits enjoyed by birds. Photo Credit: Meghan Fellows
  • Global Rank: T2 - Imperiled
  • Legal Status: N/A
  • Family: Oleaceae
  • State: FL
  • Nature Serve ID: 139383
  • Date Inducted in National Collection: 02/10/1987

Forestiera segregata is a shrubby-tree that can grow up to ten feet in height. It has smooth, pale bark and a dense crown made up of opposite two-colored leaves (shiny, dark green above & dull below) (Scurlock 1992). The flowers are small, greenish-yellow, and composed mostly of showy stamens. The plants are evergreen to semi-deciduous, dioecious, and require full sun (Huegel, undated; Plant Creations 2001). They have a wide pH tolerance, and a medium salt tolerance (Huegel, undated). The small purple to black fruits are eaten by birds. Although Forestiera segregata does tolerate moderate to cold temperatures, it is not found in areas subject to freezing (Huegel, undated).

Where is Florida Pinewood Privet (Forestiera segregata var. pinetorum) located in the wild?


F. segregata var. pinetorum can be found growing in Hammocks Pine rocklands, Shell mounds and Coastal habitats (Hild and Morgan 1993, Dreesen and Harrington 1997)


Forestiera segregata var. pinetorum is known from Florida, Georgia and Bermuda (Dreesen and Harrington 1997).

States & Provinces:

Florida Pinewood Privet can be found in Florida

Which CPC Partners conserve Florida Pinewood Privet (Forestiera segregata var. pinetorum)?

CPC's Plant Sponsorship Program provides long term stewardship of rare plants in our National Collection. We are so grateful for all our donors who have made the Plant Sponsorship Program so successful. We are in the process of acknowledging all our wonderful plant sponsorship donors on our website. This is a work in progress and will be updated regularly.

Conservation Actions

Tina Stanley
  • 05/11/2023
  • Orthodox Seed Banking

According to a March 2023 extract of the Florida Plant Rescue Database, Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden holds 1 accessions of Forestiera segregata var. pinetorum totalling approximately 52 seeds representing 1 maternal lines.

  • 10/05/2020
  • Living Collection

There are less than 25 plants in the Fairchild Tropical Garden ex situ collection.

Meghan Fellows
  • 01/01/2010

The plant is not currently threatened, although its preferred habitat is threat for development. If allowed, development could endanger the future of Forestiera segregata var. pinetorum.

Meghan Fellows
  • 01/01/2010

There are 76-82 locations with one or more individuals in South Florida alone. Interestingly, Forestiera segregata is listed as a dominant species on Mound Key, a unique island thought to have been created as a midden (Todd 1975). There are an unknown number of individuals/populations outside of south Florida. Taxonomists now consider Forestiera segregata var. pinetorum to be a synonym for the much more widely distributed Forestiera segregata, a facultative wetland plant.

Meghan Fellows
  • 01/01/2010

Fairchild Tropical Garden is unaware of any current research.

Meghan Fellows
  • 01/01/2010

Fairchild Tropical Garden is unaware of any current management.

Meghan Fellows
  • 01/01/2010

In south Florida, the preferred habitats are under constant threat of development, invasion by exotics, and fragmentation, which may result in threatening F. segregata in the future. Forestiera segregata is a good candidate for restoration sites as it appears to be easily propagated and cultivated (as evidenced by its use in native plant nurseries). Research into ecosystem functioning, restoration and habitat support of the ecosystems F. segregata is found in could be useful to ensure long-term health.

Meghan Fellows
  • 01/01/2010

There are less than 25 plants in the Fairchild Tropical Garden ex situ collection.


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Taxon Forestiera segregata var. pinetorum
Authority (Small) M.C. Johnston
Family Oleaceae
CPC Number 1935
ITIS 528176
Common Names wild olive
Associated Scientific Names Forestiera segregata var. pinetorum
Distribution Forestiera segregata var. pinetorum is known from Florida, Georgia and Bermuda (Dreesen and Harrington 1997).
State Rank
State State Rank
Florida S2
Ecological Relationships

The fruit (purple-black flesh covering an olive-like seed) is consumed by birds. The flowers are a good source of nectar (Maple Street Natives 2002). Bees and wasps have been observed visiting the flowers in the Fairchild Tropical Garden ex situ collection. The plant is self-incompatible and dioceous. Forestiera segregata is weedy in Fairchild Tropical Garden's conservation collection -- often appearing as """"volunteers"""" in other pots (S. Carrara, pers. comm.). The related species, Forestiera neomexicana has been subject to experimental propagation techniques. Pine bark mulching in pots had no effect on the growth or survival after 18 months (Hild and Morgan 1993). However, planting pots may not be necessary, as F. neomexicana was successfully propagated using """"poles"""" (dormant wood) (Dreesen and Harrington, 1997).


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