Endemic to the island of Hawaii. The species has been recorded from the eastern slope of Mauna Kea, the western slope of Mauna Loa, and the saddle between Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa. Only one population of 3 plants is known to be extant. It is on the eastern slope of Mauna Kea. The biggest threats to the survival of the remaining plants are alien plants, cattle and pigs.
Primary threats to this species (as stated by [USFWS 2002]) include:
Competition with non-native plants
Fruit and seed predation by rats
A scattered distribution of few populations and a small number of individuals, making the species extremely vuln
This species is currently known in the wild in one populations composed of several individuals on State-owned land. There are also two outplanted populations on land nearby on State and Federally-owned lands. (USFWS 2002).
Two populations have been outplanted on State and Federal lands (USFWS 2002).
Monitor wild and outplanted populations to determine why seedlings are not surviving to maturity.
Manage to eliminate competition and harm from non-native plants and animals.
Assess genetic diversity of known wild population and attempt to capture that diversity in outplanted and ex situ populations.
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