Southern Arrow-wood / Center For Plant Conservation
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Plant Profile

Southern Arrow-wood (Viburnum dentatum var. venosum)

  • Global Rank: T4 - Apparently Secure
  • Legal Status: N/A
  • Family: Adoxaceae
  • State: DE, GA, MA, MD, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI
  • Nature Serve ID: 132991
  • Lifeform: Shrub, Tree
  • Date Inducted in National Collection: 02/09/1992

The southern arrowwood is a native shrub that grows from 3 to 9 feet tall. Its leaves are deciduous, opposite, simple, and oval-shaped with coarsely but regularly toothed margins. These shiny green leaves turn yellow to reddish-purple in the late fall. Flowers bloom in May and early June, and are small and white, occurring in 2 to 4-inch flat-topped clusters. From August to November bluish-black berries can be found on the tree. These berries are attractive to wildlife. Because of these qualities, the species Viburnum dentatum is widely-used horticulturally in the central and eastern United States. (USDA 2002a)

Where is Southern Arrow-wood (Viburnum dentatum var. venosum) located in the wild?


Found in open woods and wood margins and along stream banks, preferring loamy soil with ample moisture. (USDA 2002a; Kartesz 1999)


According to Kartesz (1999): Delaware (Present) Massachusetts (Present) Maryland (Present) New Jersey (Rare) New York (Rare) Ohio (Present) Pennsylvania (Present) Rhode Island (Present

States & Provinces:

Southern Arrow-wood can be found in Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island

Which CPC Partners conserve Southern Arrow-wood (Viburnum dentatum var. venosum)?

CPC's Plant Sponsorship Program provides long term stewardship of rare plants in our National Collection. We are so grateful for all our donors who have made the Plant Sponsorship Program so successful. We are in the process of acknowledging all our wonderful plant sponsorship donors on our website. This is a work in progress and will be updated regularly.

Conservation Actions

Nature Serve Biotics
  • 05/02/2017

  • 01/01/2010

Habitat loss.

  • 01/01/2010


  • 01/01/2010

Meyer and Witmer (1998) studied the influence of seed processing by frugivorous birds on the germination success three shrubs, including Viburnum dentatum.

  • 01/01/2010

None known.

  • 01/01/2010

Very little is known about how this taxon interacts with its native environment. Determine true distribution, population sizes and health of the variety venosum.

  • 01/01/2010

Maintain a genetically representative seed bank.


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Taxon Viburnum dentatum var. venosum
Authority (Britton) Gleason
Family Adoxaceae
CPC Number 8516
ITIS 530806
Duration Perennial
Common Names Southern arrowwood
Associated Scientific Names Viburnum dentatum var. venosum | Viburnum venosum | Viburnum scabrellum var. venosum
Distribution According to Kartesz (1999): Delaware (Present) Massachusetts (Present) Maryland (Present) New Jersey (Rare) New York (Rare) Ohio (Present) Pennsylvania (Present) Rhode Island (Present
State Rank
State State Rank
Delaware SNR
Georgia SNR
Massachusetts S4
Maryland SNR
New Jersey S2
New York S2
Ohio SNR
Pennsylvania SNR
Rhode Island SNR
Ecological Relationships

Common Name Name in Text Association Type Source InteractionID
Bees Confirmed Pollinator Link
Bees Confirmed Pollinator Link
Butterflies & Moths
Butterflies Confirmed Pollinator Link
Beetles Confirmed Pollinator Link
Flies Confirmed Pollinator Link

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