CPC Plant Profile: Monte Neva Indian-paintbrush
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Plant Profile

Monte Neva Indian-paintbrush (Castilleja salsuginosa)

Image of Castilleja salsuginosa Photo Credit: Mark Egger
Description
  • Global Rank: G1 - Critically Imperiled
  • Legal Status: N/A
  • Family: Orobanchaceae
  • State: NV
  • Nature Serve ID: 136541
  • Date Inducted in National Collection: 03/06/1993

Castilleja salsuginosa is a Nevada endemic and occurs in extremely fragile habitats. This herbaceous perennial is approximately 1.8 dm tall. The entire plant appears purplish to brown, on some occasions it may appear gray. The inflorescence is marked with cream and pink colored bracts and petals. This plant flowers June-July. This plant may be parasitic however more research would help to determine this possibility.

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Updates
Nature Serve Biotics
  • 05/02/2017

A Nevada endemic with only 1-2 known occurrences in a unique, fragile hot springs habitat (apparently, this species is restricted to the particular edaphic situation created by a few mineral spring drainages).?Threats to this species include water diversion away from the hot springs, herbivory, land ownership and land access issues, and climate change.?There are some taxonomic questions about this taxon, such as whether it should be a variety of Castilleja nana or if the Hot Springs Hill population represents a new taxon. Regardless of these issues, what is considered 'salsuginosa' material is a restricted, rare, endemic that should be protected.

Wendy Yates (information found on Nature Serve)
  • 01/01/2010

Threats for this species include geothermal development as well as other types of development. Development may cause the reduction of water and could potentially cause this plant to decrease in numbers.

Wendy Yates (information found on Nature Serve)
  • 01/01/2010

Not Available

Wendy Yates (information found on Nature Serve)
  • 01/01/2010

Not Available

Wendy Yates (information found on Nature Serve)
  • 01/01/2010

Not Available

Wendy Yates (information found on Nature Serve)
  • 01/01/2010

Not Available

Wendy Yates (information found on Nature Serve)
  • 01/01/2010

Not Available

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Photos
Nomenclature
Taxon Castilleja salsuginosa
Authority N. Holmgren
Family Orobanchaceae
CPC Number 836
ITIS 501332
USDA CASA20
Common Names An Indian Paintbrush | Monte Neva Paintbrush | Monte Neva Indian paintbrush
Associated Scientific Names Castilleja salsuginosa
Distribution There are only 1-2 known occurrences of this species. This plant is likely restricted to areas that are occupied by mineral spring drainages.
State Rank
State State Rank
Nevada S1
Habitat

Castilleja salsuginosa occurs in an alkaline meadow environment. The clay saline soil is wet and damp and it rest on hummocks and salty mounds of hot springs deposits created along the washes that drain the mineral springs. The water temperature at this location is cold. This species grows at the elevation of about 1830 m.

Ecological Relationships

Not Available

Pollinators
Common Name Name in Text Association Type Source InteractionID

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