CPC Plant Profile: Pyramid Magnolia
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Plant Profile

Pyramid Magnolia (Magnolia pyramidata)

  • Global Rank: G4 - Apparently Secure
  • Legal Status: N/A
  • Family: Magnoliaceae
  • State: TX, AL, AR, FL, GA, KY, LA, MS, SC
  • Nature Serve ID: 129936
  • Date Inducted in National Collection: 01/01/1985

Magnolia pyramidata, known so for its pyramid shaped crown, is one of the rarest magnolias in North America and has potential for a landscape tree due to its compact crown and beautiful creamy-white flowers. This rare tree first became known in Europe when brought to England by Bartram in 1806 (Harrar and Harrar 1962, Radford et al. 1968, Godfrey 1988, Dir 1998). It closely resembles Magnolia fraseri, but has an overall smaller stature than this more common species, growing only to 3-7 m (10-20 ft) in height . Leaves are also smaller and are of a peculiar shape: "kitelike".

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  • 09/19/2020
  • Propagation Research

Merkle and Watson-Pauley (1994) found that by transferring germinants directly into potting soil, plantlets were more likely to survive and were considered more vigorous.

Nature Serve Biotics
  • 05/02/2017

Small range, threatened by habitat destruction in some areas.

Irina Kadis
  • 01/01/2010

Excessive coastal development Road construction, right-of-way maintenance Hydroelectric facilities, dams Clearcutting of adjacent hardwoods and conversion to pine Disturbance by thinning of trees in its immediate proximity Farm field clearing Eros

Irina Kadis
  • 01/01/2010

Remaining population numbers and sizes are unknown.

Irina Kadis
  • 01/01/2010

Merkle and Watson-Pauley (1994) found that by transferring germinants directly into potting soil, plantlets were more likely to survive and were considered more vigorous.

Irina Kadis
  • 01/01/2010

There is no formal management plan.

Irina Kadis
  • 01/01/2010

Populations need to be identified and monitored. Understanding this species general biology and ecology would be useful in conservation efforts.

Irina Kadis
  • 01/01/2010

M. pyramidata is rarely cultivated because propagation is difficult. No cultivars have been selected or hybrids made.


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Taxon Magnolia pyramidata
Authority W. Bartram
Family Magnoliaceae
CPC Number 6402
ITIS 18076
Common Names Pyramid magnolia | Southern cucumber-tree
Associated Scientific Names Magnolia pyramidata | Magnolia fraseri var. pyramidata | Magnolia fraseri ssp. pyramidata | Magnolia auriculata var. pyramidata
Distribution This is a very local species, rare all across its range. Found in northwestern Florida (especially along the Ochlockonee, Apalachicola, and Escambia rivers), central and southwestern Alabama, southwe
State Rank
State State Rank
Alabama SNR
Arkansas SNR
Florida S3
Georgia S3
Kentucky SH
Louisiana S2
Mississippi S4?
South Carolina S1
Texas S1

Magnolia pyramidata is found on the coastal plain (whereas M. fraseri grows exclusively in the mountains). It grows in mesic woodlands along banks of streams, slopes of steepheads, ravine slopes, bluffs, and uplands (Godfrey 1988).

Ecological Relationships

Ecological relationships are unknown.

Common Name Name in Text Association Type Source InteractionID
Lead Institution State Reintroduction Type Year of First Outplanting

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