Ilex sintenisii is a (shrub or) small tree endemic to Puerto Rico, occurring in the Luquillo and Naguabo mountains in the upper forest and especially the dwarf or elfin forest. Only 150 trees, in three populations, were known in 1995. The species could be threatened if there were expansion of the communication facilities on the Luquillo peaks.
Forest management practices such as construction of forest public facilities, trail maintenance, and establishment and maintenance of plantations
Destruction of the dwarf forest occurring on the mountain tops of Pico, del Este, for th
200 individuals in one population
The Caribbean National Forest is in the process of developing a partnership or cooperative agreement with the University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez Campus, Agricultural Extension Service in order to develop protocols for the reproduction and propagation of CNFs sensitive plant species (Luis Rivera, pers. comm.)
Its habitat, known at Caribbean National Forest as Dwarf forest, has been protected by Standards and Guidelines of Management Area 3 (Communication Sites) of the Land and Resources Management Plan (1997) which does not allows any further disturbance of the dwarf forest by means of special uses permits for roads or facilities beyond what is already in place under permit. Additional protection to these sites is attained by following the Standard and Guidelines for the surrounding lands that are under Wilderness and Research Natural Areas classification.
Habitat change in the Caribean National Forest often occurs more due to natural disturbances (e.g. hurricanes) than by management activities. The Forest has an Emergency Contingency Plan to deal yearly with the hurricane season. In case of a hurricane condition there are guidelines established to protect resources before, during and after a hurricane attack. The most typical damages to vegetation during these events are landslides, and acute mortality due to uprooting, defoliation or breakage of canopy or branches.
Long term population status
Search for new populations/sites
Identify potential recovery sites
Propagation for reintroduction.
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