Typical habitat for Asclepias uncialis ssp. uncialis is level to gently sloping terrain without notable micro-topographic features. Although plants are often found at the base of escarpments or mesas, the species does not occur on rock ledges or outcroppings, and is absent from highly disturbed habitats such as sand dunes, erosion channels, wash slopes, and badlands. Elevations of extant occurrences in Colorado range from 3,920-7,640 feet (1,190-2,330 m). Soils in the range of A. uncialis ssp. uncialis belong to orders characterized by dry, warm soils (Mollisols, Entisols, Aridisols, and Alfisols). Asclepias uncialis ssp. uncialis does not appear to have highly specific microsite requirements, and there is no evidence that A. uncialis ssp. uncialis is restricted to a particular soil type. Occurrences are known from soils derived from a variety of substrates, including sandstone, limestone, and shale, but are most often found in sandy loam soils. It does not occur in pure sand. Asclepias uncialis ssp. uncialis is primarily associated with species typical of shortgrass prairie. Associated vegetation is comprised mostly of grasses, with forbs, shrubs, and trees typically comprising less than 15% of the total vegetation cover. Plants are typically found growing in open spaces between bunch grasses. Associated forbs are variable throughout the range, since many species found with A. uncialis ssp. uncialis in southeastern Colorado (e.g., Melampodium leucanthum) are near the northern edge of their distribution in that area (Locklear 1996). Although A. uncialis ssp. uncialis is often associated with Juniper Woodland and Savanna ecological systems, it is always found in the prairie or grassland components of these systems.