CPC Plant Profile: Limerock Arrow-wood
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Plant Profile

Limerock Arrow-wood (Viburnum bracteatum)

The terminal clusters of small white flowers and toothed leaves of the bracted viburnum. Photo Credit: Tom Ward
Description
  • Global Rank: G1 - Critically Imperiled
  • Legal Status: N/A
  • Family: Adoxaceae
  • State: AL, GA, TN
  • Nature Serve ID: 144580
  • Date Inducted in National Collection: 02/10/1987

The name "arrowwood" belongs to a larger species, V. dentatum, that probably includes V. bracteatum. Indians used strong shoots of these viburnums for the shafts of their arrows. Bracted viburnum is a deciduous shrub up to 3 m tall that is different from other arrowwoods in its special habitat, late flowering time, leaf shape and texture, persistent conspicuous bracts (structures of leaf origin underneath the flower), and some other minute characters (Rheder 1904, Rheder 1940).

Participating Institutions
Updates
Nature Serve Biotics
  • 05/02/2017

Based upon current data, the few populations in Georgia do not have many plants. However, as recently as 2003, new occurrences have been located in Tennessee and thus it is possible that more will be found. Based upon the few occurrences now known, relatively small numbers of individuals, and threats, Viburnum bracteatum is an imperiled species. If threats such as limestone quarries persists or worsen, a G1 rank would be justified.

Irina Kadis
  • 01/01/2010

The main threat to this shrub is from quarrying of the dolomitic limestones. This has destroyed most of the type locality along the Coosa at the southern outskirts of Rome, GA, and has wiped out the Alabama locality known to Roland Harper (Kral 1983). P

Irina Kadis
  • 01/01/2010

Remaining numbers are unknown.

Irina Kadis
  • 01/01/2010

None known.

Irina Kadis
  • 01/01/2010

There is no formal management plan.

Irina Kadis
  • 01/01/2010

Since there are many steep limestone bluffs along and near the Coosa River where the plants should be found, further search should be conducted and likely areas should be purchased and preserved (Kral 1983).

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Photos
Nomenclature
Taxon Viburnum bracteatum
Authority Rehd.
Family Adoxaceae
CPC Number 4383
ITIS 35259
USDA VIBR2
Common Names bracted viburnum | limerock arrowwood | bracted arrowwood
Associated Scientific Names Viburnum bracteatum
Distribution V. bracteatum historical range was northwestern Georgia to northwestern Alabama. It was known from the banks of the Coosa R. near Rome in Georgia and from the Appalachian Valley in Alabama (Small 1933
State Rank
State State Rank
Alabama S1
Georgia S1
Tennessee S2
Habitat

V. bracteatum is part of the shrub understory in open deciduous woodland coating the calcareous bluffs, cliffs, and ledges along the Coosa River and on the escarpment of the Cumberland Plateau (Foote and Jones 1994).

Ecological Relationships

Fruits are favored by many singing birds as well as game birds (wild turkeys, pheasants, etc.) and also by small animals (chipmunks and such).

Pollinators
Common Name Name in Text Association Type Source InteractionID

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