Endemic to upper Luquillo and upper Cordillera forests of Puerto Rico, occurring near summits of Luquillo Mountains and historically Monte del Estado (2500-3000 feet). Only 37 individuals known in four occurrences (in 1995 and 2000). In public forests of Luquillo and historically also Maricao.
Construction of roads and communication facilities
Forest management practices (including establishment and maintenance of plantations)
15 individuals total in 2 site 30 individuals in 3 populations at 1 sites (reference when)
37 individuals in 4 populations as of 1991 (USFWS 2006)
The Caribbean National Forest is in the process of developing a partnership or cooperative agreement with the University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez Campus, Agricultural Extension Service in order to develop protocols for the reproduction and propagation of CNFs sensitive plant species. (Luis Rivera, pers. comm.)
Habitat change in the Caribbean National Forest often occurs more due to natural disturbances (e.g. hurricanes) than by management activities. The Forest has an Emergency Contingency Plan to deal yearly with the hurricane season. In case of a hurricane condition there are guidelines established to protect resources before, during and after a hurricane attack. The most typical damages to vegetation during these events are landslides, and acute mortality due to uprooting, defoliation or breakage of canopy or branches. (Luis Rivera, pers. comm.)
Long term status
Search for new populations/sites
Identify potential recovery sites
Propagation and reintroduction
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