Endemic to Puerto Rico, occurring in the Luquillo Mountains at about 3000 feet (915 meters), in transitional cloud forest. Only 6 individuals known to exist in 1995, in the Caribbean National Forest. Installation of electronic sites impacted colonies in the past; the species may recently have been damaged by two hurricanes (e.g., Hugo).
Forest management practices such as establishment and maintenance of plantations, and selective cutting
Construction of roads and communication facilities
8-10 individuals total in 4-6 sites few more individuals on slopes (according to Woodbury)
6 individuals in 4 populations as of 1991 (USFWS 2006)
The Caribbean National Forest is in the process of developing a partnership or cooperative agreement with the University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez Campus, Agricultural Extension Service in order to develop protocols for the reproduction and propagation of CNFs sensitive plant species. (Luis Rivera, pers. comm.)
Habitat change in the Caribbean National Forest often occurs more due to natural disturbances (e.g. hurricanes) than by management activities. The Forest has an Emergency Contingency Plan to deal yearly with the hurricane season. In case of a hurricane condition there are guidelines established to protect resources before, during and after a hurricane attack. The most typical damages to vegetation during these events are landslides, and acute mortality due to uprooting, defoliation or breakage of canopy or branches. (Luis Rivera, pers. comm.)
Long term status assessment
Search for new populations/sites
Identify potential recovery sites
Propagation and reintroduction
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