There are few recent occurrence records, the plants are not abundant, and occurrences are spotty within the range. Taxonomists debate whether this apogamous pentaploid should be treated as a species or as a hybrid. Rare in northern Florida; Florida Natural Areas Inventory currently contains 4 occurrences in its database. It occurs also in Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina. Over-collection could deplete the population. When proposed as candidate '2' by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in 1993, it was listed as a species, not a hybrid.
Habitat loss and conversion
Loss of canopy
Invasive exotic species
53 individual crowns were counted at Walker's Bluff, Bladen Co., NC. 1,000 individual crowns were counted at Island Creek, Jones Co., NC. There are ten confirmed populations in NC and less than 20 nationally recorded from three counties in Georgia (Jones-Roe 1982).
All but two populations occur on private land (Jones-Roe pers. comm. 2001).
Current monitoring of all populations.
Basic ecological and reproductive biology research.
Spore collection from all populations not represented in collection.
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