Restricted to scattered populations in the southeastern Coastal Plain with a few disjunct occurrences in New Jersey and Delaware. Approximately 70 occurrences are believed extant, mostly in South Carolina and Georgia; the total remaining population is probably less than 10,000 plants. The species' wetland habitats were once common in the southeast but are now limited in number due to drainage for agriculture and development. In addition, many southeastern wetlands are threatened by a drawdown in the regional water table, a result of intense development over the last 10-20 years. Lack of disturbance, leading to succession, is also a threat. Populations in New Jersey have declined for unknown reasons.
Ditches and plow lines
Herbivory (deer and rabbit)
Fungal attack (Altenaria and Botrytis cinerea)
67 known populations. Known to grow in five Carolina bays in NC. (Bates 1996)
Reproductive biology conducted by graduate student Moni Bates (1996).
Population dynamic models and L. boykinii research being conducted at University of North Carolina at Greensboro. (Lacey et al. 2001)
Active management/management research is being carried out in three North Carolina Nature Conservancy-owned Carolina bays.
Protect existing populations and surrounding areas from development.
Develop and implement management regimes that take into consideration the flowering phenology of each population.
Seed collection from all extant populations
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