The following Participating Institutions are custodians for this species in the CPC National Collection:
The Arboretum at Flagstaff
The conservation of Allium gooddingii is fully sponsored.
Joyce Maschinski, Ph.D. contributed to this Plant Profile.
Goodding's onion is a delicate perennial with reddish-purple flowers and a pungent onion aroma. It appears after snow melt and blooms from late May to mid-June. It is often hard to locate and identify plants due to heavy grazing by domestic and wild ungulates that reduce the aboveground parts of the plants to short stubs and may not even leave that much. For this reason its population numbers are hard to quantify when the habitat is not protected.
Luckily for this species, it was listed as a candidate for federal endangered/threatened status. The need for protection of this species was recognized in 1998 when a conservation agreement between the Forest Service and the Environmental Protection Agency was put in place in order to reduce or eliminate threats to it. Two years later, this protection paid off, when Allium gooddingii was removed from the list for candidate status. (USFWS 2000)
Distribution & Occurrence
- New Mexico
Typically found in mature forests, along north-trending drainage bottoms associated with perennial, intermittent and ephemeral stream courses in mixed-conifer and spruce-fir zones at elevations ranging from 7,000-9,400 ft. elevation (USFWS 2000).
|Populations are known from Santa Catalina (Pima County) and White Mountains (Apache County) of Arizona and the Mogollan Mountains (Grant and Catron Counties) and Sierra Blanca Peak (Otero County) (USFWS 2000).|
Conservation, Ecology & Research
Observations of plants under cultivation at the Arboretum at Flagstaff indicate that this species may be apomictic (self-fertile). (Arizona Game and Fish Department 1999)
Reproduction is through seed and vegetatively from bulbils, as most onion species do (Arizona Game and Fish Department 1999).
Pollinators include hymenopterans, dipterans, and lepidopterans (Arizona Game and Fish Department 1999).
Seeds readily germinate (Spellenberg 1982, Fletcher 1984)
Lehr, J.H. 1978. A Catalog of the Flora of Arizona. Phoenix, Arizona: Desert Botanical Garden. 33p.