The following Participating Institutions are custodians for this species in the CPC National Collection:
The Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University
The conservation of Magnolia pyramidata is fully sponsored.
Irina Kadis contributed to this Plant Profile.
Magnolia pyramidata, known so for its pyramid shaped crown, is one of the rarest magnolias in North America and has potential for a landscape tree due to its compact crown and beautiful creamy-white flowers. This rare tree first became known in Europe when brought to England by Bartram in 1806 (Harrar and Harrar 1962, Radford et al. 1968, Godfrey 1988, Dir 1998). It closely resembles Magnolia fraseri, but has an overall smaller stature than this more common species, growing only to 3-7 m (10-20 ft) in height . Leaves are also smaller and are of a peculiar shape: "kitelike".
Distribution & Occurrence
- South Carolina
Magnolia pyramidata is found on the coastal plain (whereas M. fraseri grows exclusively in the mountains). It grows in mesic woodlands along banks of streams, slopes of steepheads, ravine slopes, bluffs, and uplands (Godfrey 1988).
|Remaining population numbers and sizes are unknown.|
Conservation, Ecology & Research
Road construction, right-of-way maintenance
Hydroelectric facilities, dams
Clearcutting of adjacent hardwoods and conversion to pine
Disturbance by thinning of trees in its immediate proximity
Farm field clearing
Godfrey, R.K. 1988. Trees, shrubs, and woody vines of northern Florida and adjacent Georgia and Alabama. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press. 734p.