The following Participating Institutions are custodians for this species in the CPC National Collection:
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
The conservation of Ilex sintenisii is fully sponsored.
Joie Goodman and Julissa Roncal contributed to this Plant Profile.
Ilex sintenisii is a shrub or small tree that grows up to 4.5m in height. It has notched leaf tips. White flowers are found in the axils of the leaves and the fruits are green when mature. It is said to flower throughout the year. (USFWS 1993) This taxon has recently been synonymized with Ilex obcordata (Frank Axelrod, pers. comm.)
Distribution & Occurrence
- Puerto Rico
Elfin or dwarf montane forest, which occurs on summits and high slopes. This species is found at elevations of 3000-3500ft (914-1067m). The soils of these forests are water-saturated and therefore oxygen limited. The sites where this forest type is found are often exposed to high winds. The elfin forests are composed of dense stands of short gnarled trees and shrubs that are often covered with mosses and epiphytes. There are about 478 species of plants found in these forests. Some of them are: Calcyogonium squamulosum, Calyptranthes krugii, Miconia foveolata, Ocotea spathulata, and Tabebuia rigida. (USFWS 1993)
|200 individuals in one population|
Conservation, Ecology & Research
Destruction of the dwarf forest occurring on the mountain tops of Pico, del Este, for th
Habitat change in the Caribean National Forest often occurs more due to natural disturbances (e.g. hurricanes) than by management activities. The Forest has an Emergency Contingency Plan to deal yearly with the hurricane season. In case of a hurricane condition there are guidelines established to protect resources before, during and after a hurricane attack. The most typical damages to vegetation during these events are landslides, and acute mortality due to uprooting, defoliation or breakage of canopy or branches.
Search for new populations/sites
Identify potential recovery sites
Little, E.L.; Wadsworth, F.; Woodbury, R. 1974. Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, 2nd volume, FS USDA Handbook 449. USDA.