|bull's coraldrops, kitten tails, kittentails, Northern kittentail|
|Dawn M. Gerlica and Lindsey Parsons|
The following Participating Institutions are custodians for this species in the CPC National Collection:
The Holden Arboretum
The conservation of Besseya bullii is fully sponsored.
Dawn M. Gerlica and Lindsey Parsons contributed to this Plant Profile.
Besseya bullii is a short herbaceous plant that is easy to miss...until it blooms. For most of its life, this plant is in the form of a small rosette of hairy basal leaves that are two to five inches in length and have a tendency to hug the ground. However, from April until June this plant sends up a single, fluffy spike of yellowish-green flowers up to sixteen inches tall. At this stage of its life, it is nearly impossible to miss flowering plants of this species.
Distribution & Occurrence
Sandy grasslands, prairies, open oak woods or hillsides, savanna, barrens, and wetlands. (Ohio DNR 2001)
|Illinois Recorded in 23 populations in seven counties (Herkert & Ebinger 2002)
Indiana Recorded in 4 counties: Elkhart, LaGrange, Tippecanoe, White (INDNR 1999)
Iowa not much information available.
Michigan Recorded in 7 counties: Barry, Ionia, Jackson, Kalamazoo, Kent, St. Joseph, Van Buren.
Minnesota No counties recorded, but found at several sites including: Cowling Arboretum at Carleton College, Anoka Sand Plain State Natural Area, Big Woods, Southern Oak Barrens, Myre-Big Island State Park, and the Katharine Ordway Natural History Study Area in Dakota County
Ohio Presumed extirpated. Collected once in 1904 from Montgomery County (OHDNR 2001)
Wisconsin Recorded in 11 counties: Dane, Green, Jefferson, Pierce, Polk, Racine, Rock, St. Croix, Walworth, Washington, Waukesha (WIDNR 2002)
From 1-21 plants found at each site within the past 20 years (Wisconsin NHI 2001)
Conservation, Ecology & Research
Overgrowth of other plants due to fire suppression (Cusick pers. com.)
Quarrying (Cusick pers. com.)
Steven L. Jessup did research from 1985-1987 entitled "Species Biology and Management of the Rare and Threatened Herbaceous Perennial, Besseya bullii (Scrophulariaceae)" for Michigan Dept. Natural Resources Natural Features Inventory. No results published to date.
M. J. McKone, R. Ostertag, J.T. Rauscher, D.A. Heiser, and F.L. Russell published in 1995, An exception to Darwin's syndrome: floral position, protogyny, and insect visitation in Besseya bullii (Scrophulariaceae) in Oecologia 101:68-74.
TNC. 1989. Colorado News, Phantom Canyon Preserve. Western Region Stewardship News. 6: 2.