The following Participating Institutions are custodians for this species in the CPC National Collection:
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Bok Tower Gardens
The conservation of Scutellaria floridana is fully sponsored.
Cindy Campbell contributed to this Plant Profile.
Scutellaria floridana (Lamiaceae) is a perennial, endemic herb, 1-2 feet tall with opposite leaves that are widely spaced along the stem. The flowers which appear from April-July, are blue-purple with a large white spot on the lower lip, and the calyx has a small cap, or scutellum, that persists beginning in June. Unlike most mints, it has no characteristic odor (FNAI 2000). Scutellaria species have been used in the traditional medicine of China, India, Korea, Japan, Europe and North America (Joshee, Patrick, Mentreddy, Yadav 2002). Today numerous herbal formulations containing Scutellaria are available on the market. S. floridana is not listed as one of the species used most likely due to its scarcity.
Distribution & Occurrence
Wet pine flatwoods, grassy margins of cypress stringers, seepage slopes, transition zones between flatwoods and wetlands.
|Thirty-two occurrences are listed in Gulf, Franklin and Liberty counties, Florida (FNAI 2008). Several large populations are protected on the Apalachicola National Forest but most populations on private lands have been destroyed by conversion to pine plantations. (FNAI 2000). Additional public land occurrences are located on the BLMs Lathrop Bayou Tract, the St. Joseph Bay State Buffer Preserve and Tates Hell State Forest. A 5-year status review will be completed in 2008-2009 by the US Fish and Wildlife Service.|
Conservation, Ecology & Research
Residential and resort development
Invasives (Chinese tallow, Lygodium japonicum)
Road right-of-way activities; widening, herbiciding, mowing, etc.
Vegetative Propagation (Bok Tower Gardens)
Transplantation (Bok Tower Gardens)
Pollination (Pitts-Singer, Hanula and Walker)
St. Joseph Bay State Buffer Preserve: under fire management; application of frequent growing season fire to wet savanna areas where Scutellaria grows
Tates Hell State Forest: Under fire management.
BLM: no activity reported
Private lands: None
Conduct demographic studies to determine population stability, increase, and decline.
Determine habitat management requirements and develop management guidelines especially effects of differing fire frequencies and timing of application. Also effects of burning with corresponding drought/flood evetnts.
Phenological life history needs to be quantitatively described.
Conduct population biology studies.
Additional pollination studies.
Collect seeds periodically from native populations to establish populations for study and as seed sources for reintroductions
Accession and store seed with the National Seed Storage Lab
Develop optimal propagation protocols for both seed and vegetative reproduction
Janick, J. ; Whipkey, A. 2002. Skullcap: Potential medicinal crop. Alexandria: ASHS Press. 580-586p.