The following Participating Institutions are custodians for this species in the CPC National Collection:
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
The conservation of Pleodendron macranthum is fully sponsored.
Joie Goodman and Julissa Roncal contributed to this Plant Profile.
Pleodendron macranthum is an aromatic evergreen tree that grows up to 10m tall. The leaves are dark and shiny and the whitish flowers grow on long stalks. Its purplish black fruits are also aromatic. The wood from this tree is nearly white in color. Very few individuals remain and little is known about the reproductive biology of this species.
Distribution & Occurrence
- Puerto Rico
This species is found in two types of montane forest called tabonuco and palo colorado. Tabonuco occurs on foothills and slopes below 600m elevation and is very species rich. It is characterized by tall canopy trees and low light levels at ground level. Palo colorado is an evergreen forest type, described as an upland swamp, found at elevations greater than 600m. These forests are found on somewhat protected intermediate slopes and valleys, though high winds can occur at times. They do not have high plant diversity. Some of the common species in palo colorado forest are Cyrilla racemiflora (common name palo colorado for which the association is named), Calcyogonium squamulosum, and Micropholis garcinifolia. (USFWS 1993)
|22 individuals in 4 populations|
Conservation, Ecology & Research
Forest management practices (including establishment and maintenance of plantations and selective cutting)
Habitat modification via hurricanes and forest m
Long term population trend
Little, E.L.; Wadsworth, F.; Woodbury, R. 1974. Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, 2nd volume, FS USDA Handbook 449. USDA.