Asplenium heteroresiliens

Common Names:
Carolina spleenwort fern, Wagner's spleenwort
W.H. Wagner
Growth Habit:
CPC Number:
Profile Contributors:
Fully Sponsored

Reference Links

ITIS - Tropicos - USDA Plants - Fish & WildLife

Participating Institutions

The following Participating Institutions are custodians for this species in the CPC National Collection:
North Carolina Botanical Garden

The conservation of Asplenium heteroresiliens is fully sponsored.


Asplenium heteroresliens is an evergreen perennial herb member of the Asplenium trichomanes group, with ovate pinnae, and the pinnae in the lower third of the frond somewhat descending and tending to form a low auricle on the posterior side of the base. (Jones-Roe 1982).

Carolina spleenwort grows in small depressions on vertical or high angle faces of marl outcrops and soft limestone rock in Coastal Plain habitats from North Carolina to Florida (Jones-Roe 1982; Dunbar 1989). It can produce viable spores asexually (apogamy). The opposite leaflets, which grow on a shiny black rachis, are sharply toothed and leathery with lobes appearing on the upper margin. Carolina spleenwort is thought to be a hybrid between Bicolored Spleenwort (A. heterochroum) and Blackstem Spleenwort (A. reiliens) (Dunbar 1989). It is offered some level of state protection in all states where it is found.

Distribution & Occurrence


Conservation, Ecology & Research