Lindera melissifolia

Family:
Lauraceae
Common Names:
pondberry, Southern spicebush, swamp spicebush
Author:
(Walt.) Blume
Synonyms:
Growth Habit:
Tree, Shrub
CPC Number:
2573
Profile Contributors:
Kimberlie McCue, Ph.D.
Sponsorship:
Fully Sponsored

Reference Links

ITIS - Tropicos - USDA Plants - Fish & WildLife

Participating Institutions

The following Participating Institutions are custodians for this species in the CPC National Collection:
Missouri Botanical Garden
Mercer Arboretum and Botanic Gardens


The conservation of Lindera melissifolia is fully sponsored.
Kimberlie McCue, Ph.D. contributed to this Plant Profile.

Description

Pondberry is a pretty, medium sized shrub described by Steyermark (1963) as one of the rarest shrubs in the U.S. The plant flowers in early spring, before leafing out, and produces beautiful bright red fruits in late summer. Pondberry leaves are aromatic and have a strong lemon-sassafras aroma when crushed. This species is dioecious, meaning individual plants produce only male or only female flowers. However, once a male does not mean always a male. One plant growing at the Missouri Botanical Garden (MBG) apparently has changed sexes! After many years of producing only male flowers, the pondberry at MBG produced fruit! Botanists speculate that in the year the plant made the switch, some branches produced male flowers and some branches produced female flowers--hence the ability to produce fruit. Since that time, the plant has produced only female flowers.

Distribution & Occurrence

Pollinators

Protection

Global Rank:
G2G3
05/22/2008
Guide to Global Ranks
Federal Status:
LE
08/01/1986
Guide to Federal Status
Recovery Plan:
Yes

State / Area Protection

State/Area Rank Status
Alabama SH 0
Arkansas S2 SE
Florida SX LE
Georgia S1 E
Louisiana SR 0
Mississippi S2 PE
Missouri S1 E
North Carolina S1 E
South Carolina S1 FE/SE

Conservation, Ecology & Research

References