The following Participating Institutions are custodians for this species in the CPC National Collection:
The conservation of Abutilon eremitopetalum is fully sponsored.
David Orr contributed to this Plant Profile.
Abutilon eremitopetalum is endemic to the dry forest habitats of Lana`i. Since its discovery in the 1930's, it has always been very rare and has been known only in small, widely scattered colonies. By the early 1980s, the taxon was generally considered extinct. In 1987, 60-70 plants were discovered on a slope in Kahea Gulch. Today, this population still exists with approximately 100 individuals.
Abutilon eremitopetalum is in the mallow family (Malvaceae). It is a shrub with grayish-green, densely hairy, heart-shaped leaves that are 7-12 cm long. The flowers of this plant are cup-shaped and borne one or two on stems arising from the leaf axil. This unusual flower has petals that are bright green on the upper surface and reddish on the on the lower surface that are hidden within the calyx.
Distribution & Occurrence
Dry forest, 240 to 320 meters elevation (USFWS 1995).
|Lana`i, 1 population, approximately 100 individuals (USFWS 2001).|
Conservation, Ecology & Research
Browsing and trampling by axis deer.
Stochastic extinction caused by low numbers.
Loss of pollinators.
Propagation via seed.
(USFWS 1995) and (USFWS 2001)
Seed banking and germplasm preservation.
Schulz, T.T.; Carpenter, A.T. Monitoring survival, Growth, and Reproduction of Aletes humilis. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-283. Proceedings of the Southwestern Rare and Endangered Plant Conference; September 11-14; Flagstaff, AZ. In: Maschinski, J.; Hammond, H
USFWS. 1990. Proposed Endangered Status for Six Plants from the Island of Lanai, HI. Federal Register. 55, 180: 38236-38242.
USFWS. 1991. Determination of endangered status for six plants from the island of Lanai, Hawaii. Federal Register. 56, 183: 47686 - 47694.
USFWS. 2002. Revised Determinations of Prudency and Proposed Designations of Critical Habitat for Plant Species From the Island of Lanai, HI. Federal Register. 67, 42: 9806-9871.