The following Participating Institutions are custodians for this species in the CPC National Collection:
Bok Tower Gardens
The conservation of Conradina etonia is fully sponsored.
S.K. Maddox and Tammera Race contributed to this Plant Profile.
Conradina species are aromatic shrubs with small narrow leaves, similar to the herb rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis). Etonia rosemary (Conradina etonia) is a short-lived woody perennial, with mature plants living several years before declining. This species flowers in the summer, producing pink-lavender lobed flowers with dotted lower petals. These beautiful flowers attract many insect visitors, including bees and butterflies.
Etonia rosemary is the most narrowly distributed species of Conradina. It occurs only in one county in Florida (Putnam) in sand pine scrub in the Etonia Creek region. This plant differs from other woody mints in the area by its strongly bent flower tube and hairy lower leaf surface (FNAI 2000). The region where it is found is of interest because many species more typical of southern scrub (Perea humilis, Ilex cumulicola, Garberia fruticosa for example) are found at their northern limits here. When this species was listed as federally endangered in 1993, it was only found at two sites in the wild, both in Putnam County, Florida. At this time, both sites were on privately owned land that had either been subdivided for residential development, or approved for development.
Distribution & Occurrence
Etoniah rosemary is found in Florida scrub vegetation with sand pine and shrubby evergreen oaks (USFWS 1992). It requires sparse overstory and is seen along road edges and openings in white sand soils (FNAI 2000).
|There are fewer than 1,000 plants known in the wild, all located in Etoniah Creek State Forest and vicinity. Historic Bok Sanctuary (formerly Bok Tower Gardens), in Lake Wales, Florida has the species in cultivation.|
Conservation, Ecology & Research
Development for residential housing
Continued loss of habitat due to invasive species or lack of natural processes, such as fire.
Conduct studies to determine effects of fire.
Institute fire plan based on results.